What should cats eat? And what should not? This list will certainly impress you! You’ll find out everything you wanted to know about cats, their health and food they should eat here!
Because cats have pretty picky eating habits, a lot of people think that they know what they can and cannot eat. But if the pet turns away from a piece of tainted meat, it does not mean that it will ignore the spoiled canned fish. And they can be very dangerous. Cats sometimes may eat things they should not. In fact, the list of hazardous products for cats may even surprise you. You will find out the answers to questions ‘can cats eat chocolate’, ‘can cats drink milk’ and a lot of others.
Some people wonder what their cats should eat to maintain strong health. The basis of cat food should be meat. But as the meat contains a large number of proteins that are absorbed almost completely, to ensure a good intestine functioning cereals and dairy product should be also given.
Cats very reluctantly like a side dish (porridge, cooked vegetables). Therefore, it is best to grind and mix them with the meat. Groats - buckwheat and rice are cooked for a long time with a large amount of water. At the rate of 20-25% and the rest of the side dish is meat. Vegetable protein contained primarily in vegetables and legumes. However, these components work only as minor additives because of poor digestibility. Usually the pet’s diet is selected individually according to its breed, age and health status.
Cats should not eat:
Tuna can cause dependence of the cat. A small amount of tuna from time to time, probably, will not hurt the cat. But a steady diet of raw or cooked tuna can lead to a lack of nutrients needed for the cat. An excess amount of tuna in the diet can cause mercury poisoning. Other marine fish gives the same danger. Do not leave a jar of canned fish opened within reach of cats, it will take it as an invitation to a meal.
2. Onion and garlic
Onions in any form - raw, powdered, boiled or dried - can destroy red blood cells in the blood of cats, resulting in anemia. This applies even to onion powder, which is contained in certain types of baby food. Random small dose, most likely, will not hurt the cat. But regular consumption of onions, or ingestion in large quantities can cause poisoning. Garlic, along with a bulb or green onions, can cause gastro-intestinal disturbances.
3. Milk and dairy products
Can cats eat cheese? Or can cats eat yogurt? It would seem that, what could happen to your cat because of a saucer of milk or a piece of cheese? But, although the kittens are able to digest milk, most adult cats cannot tolerate it. Their digestive system cannot absorb lactose, which leads to diarrhea with indigestion.
Beer, liquor, wine, foods containing alcohol should not be given to cats. This is because alcohol has the same negative effect on the liver and brain of a cat, it has on people. But it happens over a much shorter period. Just two teaspoons of whiskey can cause coma for 2.5 kg cat, and one more teaspoon can kill it.
5. Grapes and raisins
Pets are often treated with grapes and raisins, however, it is a bad idea. The reason is not clear, but grapes and raisins can cause kidney failure in cats. Even a small amount of berries can lead to cats’ disease, early symptoms of which are repeated vomiting and hyperactivity. Despite the fact that some cats have no apparent negative consequences, grapes and raisins should not be given to them. And do not even leave them in the places accessible to the cat.
In large enough quantities, caffeine can be lethal to cats. There is no antidote. Symptoms of caffeine poisoning in cats are the following: anxiety, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, muscle tremors. In addition to coffee and tea (including coffee beans), caffeine is contained in cocoa, chocolate, cola and energy drinks such as Red Bull. It is also contained in some medicines and painkillers.
Chocolate can lead to death of cats. While most cats will not eat it on their own, some owners may force to their cat to eat it, thinking that it gives their pet pleasure. There is a toxic alkaloid in chocolate, called theobromine. It is found in all types of chocolate, even white. However, the most dangerous is the dark and bitter chocolate for baking. Eating chocolate can cause a cat's heart rhythm disturbances, tremors, convulsions and death.
8. Candy, sweets
Sweets cannot be given to cats for sure. Candy, gum, toothpaste, baked goods and some diet products sweetened with xylitol. Xylitol may lead to increased blood levels of insulin in the cats’ bodies, causing glucose drop. Xylitol can also lead to liver failure. Initial symptoms include vomiting, lethargy and loss of coordination. The cat may be convulsions after taking xylitol, and signs of renal failure may occur within a few days.
9. Fat, trimmings and bones
Wastes from the table often contain the cut of meat with fat and bones. They can also be dangerous for cats. Cooked and uncooked fats may cause gastrointestinal disorders, vomiting, and diarrhea for the cat.
A cat can choke on a bone. In addition, fragments of long bones can cause intestinal obstruction or cause lacerations of the digestive system of the cat.
10. Raw eggs
Raw eggs may cause two problems. Firstly, it is the likelihood of food poisoning caused by bacteria such as salmonella or E. coli. Secondly, the protein avidin, which is contained in raw chicken protein and prevents absorption of vitamin biotin. This can cause skin problems and problems with cat hair. Although in the nature cats consume eggs only in raw form, a lot of veterinarians prefer to play it safe.
11. Raw meat and fish
Raw meat and raw fish, as well as raw eggs may contain bacteria causing food poisoning. Furthermore, the enzyme contained in raw fish destroys thiamine, which is an essential vitamin for cats. The absence of thiamine can cause severe neurological problems and lead to convulsions and coma. A lot of people believe that cats cannot eat pork, this is because raw pork steam can cause helminthic invasion.
Why cannot cats liver? A small amount of liver in the cat diet does not cause any problems. But liver excess can lead to an increased content of vitamin A. This is a serious bone disease, symptoms of which include bone deformities, bone growths on its elbows and spine, and osteoporosis. An excess of vitamin A can lead to death of a cat.
13. Dog food
Can cats eat dog food? If the cat has accidentally tasted dog food, it will not hurt it. But dog food is not an equivalent substitute for cat food. It has similar ingredients, but the cat food designed to meet the needs of a cat, it includes more protein as well as some special vitamins and fatty acids. A steady diet of dog food can cause the cat a serious lack of nutrients.
14. Too many treats
If the cat eats too often and permanently has snacks, this can lead to obesity and even diabetes. Just as for humans.
15. Yeast dough
Raw yeast dough tends to rise. And if the cat eats the raw dough, it can ferment and rise in its stomach. After arising it can stretch the abdominal cavity and cause severe pain. Also, during fermentation of yeast some alcohol is allocated and it can lead to alcohol poisoning. It sounds strange, but some cases took place.
One of the most common causes of cats poisoning is poisoning by human medicines. All that you are hiding from the children should be hidden from cats. Never give your cat medication without consulting a veterinarian. Ingredients such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen are contained in cold medicines and painkillers. They can be deadly for your cat.
The pantries and kitchen shelves have a lot of products that can harm the cat. Keeping food out of reach of cats helps to protect it from numerous serious diseases related to nutrition.
If still your cat accidentally eaten something dangerous to its health, immediately contact your veterinarian.
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