The best balance exercises for stroke patients. The guide with pictures! How to help a stroke patient at home? All about physical therapy for stroke patients is already gathered here! Do not miss it!
Among the consequences of stroke, movement disorders occupy one of the main places, because they are expressed in varying degrees, almost all patients regardless of a heart attack or hemorrhage occurred in the brain happened. And all of them must know exercises for stroke patients.
They are expressed in the form of paresis (partial loss of movement) or paralysis (complete immobilization) in the arm or leg. If both arm and leg are ‘hit’ on one side of the body, it is called hemiparesis or hemiplegia. Sometimes a change in the limbs vary in severity, however, to restore the function of the hand is much more complicated because of the need to develop fine motor skills and writing.
The main and most affordable way to recover from paralysis is physical therapy for stroke patients. Its objective is not only the development of the old forces, the range of motion in the affected limbs, but also to restore the ability to stand, walk, keeping balance, and perform ordinary household needs, and self-service. Such action familiar to us, like dressing, washing, eating can cause serious problems with the defeat of even a single limb. Patients with severe disorders of the nervous activity alone cannot sit up in bed.
The scope and nature of the exercises depends on the severity of the patient's condition. In cases of deep disturbances the first passive gymnastics is applied: gymnastics instructor or relatives carry the limbs of lying sick person, restoring blood flow to the muscles and developing the joints. As a person feels better, the patient learns to sit alone, and then - get up and walk on his own.
If it is necessary, use a support - chair, headboard, stick. If there is a needed balance it is possible to walk first in the room, then the apartment, and even on the street.
Some patients with small areas of brain lesions and a good reduction potential are beginning to stand up and even walk around the ward as early as the first week of the date of stroke. In such cases, disability can be saved, which is very important for young people.
At congenial post-stroke period, the patient is discharged from the hospital for recovery at home. The key role is usually taken, by the patient relatives and it also depends entirely on the further rehabilitation. Do not tire the patient's frequent and prolonged exercise. Their duration and intensity should be gradually increased as the recovery of a function. To facilitate the movement of the patient's at home, it is good to provide special handrails in the shower, the toilet, small stools for additional support won’t be superfluous too.
Particular attention should be paid to the restoration of the function of a hand performing small movements and writing letters. It is necessary to carry out exercises for the muscles of the hand working it out, returning coordination of finger movements. You can use some special simulators and carpal expander. It will be also useful along with the application of gymnastics hand massage, which helps to improve the trophism of muscles and reduce spasticity.
This process can take a long time and perseverance, but the results will not only let a patient perform simple manipulations such as: brushing, shaving, tying shoelaces, but even self-cooking and eating.
At congenial rehabilitation period it is necessary to expand the circle of friends and family responsibilities of a patient. It is important that people feel simple members of the family, not the helpless, sick bodies. Do not neglect and talk with the patient, even if he cannot fully answer the questions. This will help to avoid potential apathy, depression and isolation of the patient with unwillingness to further recovery.
Top balance exercises for stroke patients:
1. Heel Raises (but holding on). Do 3 sets of 10.
2. Side Stepping (also holding on). Do 3 sets of 10.
3. Heel Raises (without holding on). Do 3 sets of 10.
4. Side Stepping (without holding on). Do 3 sets of 10.
5. Heel-to-Toe Walking On a line. Make 20 steps.
6. Squats With Gym Ball. Do 3 sets of 10.
7. One Leg Standing. Do 3 sets of 5.
8. Backwards Walking. Make 20 steps.
Ways to ‘stir up’ the patient from the outside
Electrical stimulation of the muscle fibers is based on the effects of pulsed currents of different frequencies. This improves trophism in the affected tissue, increases muscle contractility, and normalizes tone in spastic paresis and paralysis. The electrical stimulation is particularly appropriate and useful for a long time lying patients, who meet difficulties performing active regenerative gymnastics. Currently, there are many different devices that allow patients to use this method at home under the supervision of the attending physician clinics.
When using the biofeedback method the patient performs certain tasks and at the same time he and the doctor receive a sound or visual signals on the various functions of the organism. This information is important for the doctor to assess the dynamics of recovery, and the patient, in addition, is allowed to increase the reaction rate, the speed and accuracy of the action, and there is a positive result from the ongoing exercise. Typically, the method is implemented using special computer software and games.
Along with passive and active therapy, a good effect also can come with the use of ‘after stroke massage’, especially if there is a tendency to spasticity and reducing long-term rehabilitation. It is carried out by conventional techniques and does not have any substantial difference from the one, which is performed when the patient has other neurological diseases.
A massage may be included into the therapy even in a hospital in the early stages of post-stroke period. This will help the hospital therapist or rehabilitation center. In the future home massage can also be conducted by professionals or even relatives, who may learn its basic principles.
- READ ALSO: How Can Stroke Be Cured?