What do you know about dementia? Is dementia hereditary? What are the causes of Dementia?
What is dementia? Dementia is a brain disease that provided by a long-term gradual decrease of mental abilities. Other common dementia symptoms include language problems, emotional problems, and daily functions problem. Nevertheless, a person stays conscious about the problem. Dementia comes to play with greater speed when a person is aging. The greater Dementia problems come with the Alzheimer`s disease. Alzheimer disease makes up to 70% of dementia type. Dementia stages can vary from person to person, and one individual may have more than one type of dementia. The most dreadful thing for dementia is that there is no cure for this disease.
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The symptoms of dementia can be quite distinguishable from one stage to another. The common symptoms of the dementia affect language dysfunction, visual spatial, attention, memory and problem solving. When a person shows up some of these symptoms, it usually means that brain processes have already begun. According to statistics, about ten percent of people have mixed dementia. It`s usually a combination of Alzheimer`s disease and other types of dementia. Dementia definition also includes psychological problems of the disease and a patient stays very conscious about the illness. Therefore, depression, anxiety, and stress are inevitable.
The psychological problems connected to dementia are next:
- Eating and swallowing
- Memory disorders. Confusing of people`s memory, the constant senses of Déjà vu. Loss of the memory.
- Visual problems
- Behavior problems
- Balance problems
- Changes in sleep
If people with dementia symptoms to be put in the situation beyond their abilities, they can outburst with crying or anger. There are also problems with understanding of the problems and its decisions as people can`t find a solution and keep patience.
Early Dementia Stage
At the early dementia stages, the person can feel difficulties with handling chores and tasks around the house. The person might still help with personal belongings, but it becomes much more difficult for him or her to deal with. Early stages of dementia include memory difficulties. There are problems with word finding process. There are also problems with handling financial problems. Other dementia symptoms might include difficulties at work and finding new places. If it`s appeared that a person has dementia problems, then his/her doomsday clock starts ticking and it might be possible that the day X can come after five of ten years of life.
Middle Dementia Stage
When dementia symptoms come to play, it`s usually a time when the things become worse. Therefore, people start to lose new information and have problems with remembering things. They have problem-solving issues, social judgment issues, and body function issues. They aren`t able to perform any functionality outside their house and can`t be left alone even at home. They can do simple tasks at home and able to take personal care. Nevertheless, that should be monitored constantly and have assistance with taking care of personal hygiene.
Late Dementia Stages
People with late stages have problems with everything in their life. They need constant twenty-four hours’ supervision. There is no other method to give them personal safety. If a person with late stage dementia stays alone, then there is a chance that he/she may hurt themselves. They need a change of diet and can`t feed themselves. They would need to eat pureed meal to decrease a chance of choking. They do not desire to get out of the bed or have problems with doing so. They can`t recognize familiar faces and have trouble sleeping.
Dementia can be caused by four main aspects.
- Hypothyroidism – it`s a dysfunction, where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. It provides weight gain, no tolerance to cold, tiredness.
- Vitamin B12 deficiency – it refers to the low level of Vitamin B12 in blood. The decrease of this vitamin may cause psychosis, irritability, and depression.
- Lyme disease – it`s an infection disease caused by Borrelia type bacteria. The symptoms for that are tiredness, headache, and fever.
- Neurosyphilis – it`s an infection in the brain. It`s usually caused by syphilis. It appears after ten-twenty years from the first infection.
Is dementia hereditary?
Many people desire to get on that. It`s especially crucial for people who saw diseases, like Vascular, Lewy Body, and Alzheimer. If family members got, Dementia does it mean that all other members may suffer from the same disease or there is a chance for them to dodge the bullet? Is it possible that Dementia patients can pass their condition on genes to their children? In other words, can Dementia be inherited? People can be worried about that as they see their friends and relatives suffering from a disease which is not curable.
Dementia and DNA
According to medical researches, it`s very unlikely that Dementia can be transferred genetically. Therefore, people with dementia might not be worried that they pass their disease to their children and grandchildren. There is a rare case that Alzheimer`s disease can be transferred to the relatives. The chances are about one to one thousand. Nevertheless, four genes can carry risks of Alzheimer’s. The genes, like APP, PSEN 2 and PSEN 1 are responsible for an early onset of the disease in 30`s, 40`s and 50`s. The last gene is responsible for getting Alzheimer of older people after 65 years’ age.
The Differences Between Alzheimer`s and Dementia
Dementia can`t be described as a specific disease. Dementia definition is a loss of cognitive function which is provided by loss of nerve cells in the brain. You can find many forms of Dementia in life. According to statistics, one of the seven people aged after 71 has a form of Dementia. The most common symptoms of dementia are:
- Not ability to focus
- Not ability to reason
- Loss of communication abilities
- Loss of memory abilities
- Inability to remember new information
- Loss of finding solutions to minor problems
Hereditary facts of Dementia
Nobody can be immune to dementia. Still about two percent of dementia cases are genetic mutations. Some dementia cases can be clear fact of heredity of dementia, like Huntington`s disease. Many people fear that Alzheimer disease can be met in their family and be transferred to further generations. Moreover, the chances of getting Alzheimer disease doubles every five years. Nevertheless, genes in family history do plan a certain role in the development of Alzheimer disease. According to new studies, in 23 chromosomes pairs, there are evidence of bearers of Alzheimer disease. Nevertheless, genes alone are not able to create the trigger for Alzheimer disease. Therefore, if you desire to avoid problems with Alzheimer, then you would need to stick to:
- Try to eat healthy diet
- No stress allowed for you
- Try to be more socially active and use your mental abilities to decrease your potential in Dementia
- Try to use more vitamins and minerals that may decrease your abilities to get dementia in your life
Therefore, some types of dementia can be hereditary, but there are more chances to get this disease if you do nothing to prevent it. Still, it might be possible to not get Dementia by the certain age. The possibilities of not getting it are quite similar. Just try to stay more active during your life. More mental exercises. Try to use more brain abilities in your life. Try to use more physical exercises in your life. Do not stay in one place and do not work only with one segment of your life. It`s a wonderful life with much more discoveries to open and outburst your abilities to the whole world.
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