Is vaginal itching dangerous and riskily? What are the symptoms of vaginal itching? What are the causes of vaginal itching? Diseases related with vaginal itching. Read below
Vaginal itching is a symptom that is often caused by infections or even menopause. Vaginal itching, burning and irritation often pass on their own, but you should see your doctor if these symptoms persist for a long time or severely bother you.
When do you need to go to the doctor?
Consult your doctor in case of need, if you are unable to determine the cause of the itch or itching became so strong that prevents you from the daily activities or sleep. You should always consult a doctor if the itching is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- sores or blisters at the vulva;
- difficulty urinating;
- unusual discharge from the vagina;
- vaginal itching and smell;
- itching lasts more than three days.
Also, you must immediately consult a doctor if the itching is accompanied by frequent urination, sudden weight loss, increased thirst, increased fatigue. All these symptoms may indicate the development of diabetes.
Causes and symptoms of vaginal itching:
Yeast infection: Yeast infection occurs when the fungus, candida, fruitfully apply in your vagina and vulva. Symptoms include swelling, intense itching and irritation.
Bacterial vaginosis: It is caused by changes in the amount of certain types of bacteria in the vagina. Usually, the "good" bacteria (lactobacilli) dominate the "bad" bacteria (anaerobes) in the vagina. But if the number of anaerobic bacteria by lactobacilli will prevail over, it causes bacterial vaginosis. The symptoms can include inflammation, burning, discharge, itching and odor.
Trichomoniasis: This is a common, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), a disease caused by parasites Trichomonas. Trichomoniasis can be cured, but it can affect both men and women. Symptoms include itching, burning and elimination.
Chemical irritants: various chemicals, such as soap, scented detergents, vaginal itching cream, douches, scented toilet paper can cause allergic reactions or irritation of the vagina and vulva.
Lichen sclerosus: This is a rare phenomenon that causes white spots at the skin, especially around the vulva. Anyone can get a lichen, but postmenopausal women are at higher risk.
Hormones: changes in hormone levels due to your pregnancy, or vaginal itching after menopause transition can cause vaginal itching.
Menopause: This is due to decrease of estrogen levels, is very common for postmenopausal women. It can also lead to an increase in vaginal infections and can make sexual intercourse painful.
Wearing underwear: Irritation and itching of the labia can cause improper kinds of underwear: rigid, artificial, not ventilated materials and stringi. To avoid discomfort and itching, you should wear breathable cotton underwear.
Intimate hair removal: Skin irritation in the intimate place may appear after waxing, so when it is shown application of moisturizing cream or gel. You must use special creams or gels for hair removal in sensitive areas.
Pubic lice: Head lice are transmitted through sexual contact and, unlike head lice, is not a serious threat to the epidemiological plan. The disease causes the lice to lay their eggs in the pubic hair, which causes severe itching. Treatment takes place under the supervision of a dermatologist, based on the use of products containing permethrin - a chemical used to remove insects (including mites).
Diabetes: High blood sugar levels can contribute to the growth of yeast in intimal area that feed the net glucose and a small amount of amino acids. A characteristic symptom is the appearance of severe itching. Treatment: consult a doctor as soon as possible to regulate blood sugar levels, and lubricate the vulva antifungal ointment (eg clotrimazole).
Psoriasis: There are rare lesions of psoriasis intimate genital area. Genital psoriasis arises whether in babies and adults. Treatment involves removal of eschar, psoriatic lesions. Then applied anti-inflammatory drugs that slow the excessive division of cells of the skin and reduce itching.
Lichen sclerosus of the vulva: Vulvar Lichen sclerosus is a chronic disease in which there is a thickening of the skin. The symptoms are accompanied by pain and itching in the intimate area of the external genitalia. The most common causes of the disease are hormone disorders, but the risk of its occurrence is increased for women with autoimmune diseases, weakened immune systems and genetic predisposition. Treatment includes the use of an ointment with vitamin A or corticosteroid and estrogen.
READ ALSO: What are the signs of a healthy vagina?
Erythroplasia of Keir: This form of invasive squamous cell skin cancer, which is considered a kind of disease Bowen. A typical single symptom of the disease, smooth erythema, located in the intimate area. The probable cause of the disease is an infection with the human papilloma virus (HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35). Treatment: apply 5% ointment 5-FU and superficial X-rays.
Cancer of the vulva: Cancer of the vulva is a rare type of gynecological cancer and usually affects women over 60 years. The disease is often asymptomatic or have a long period of intimate itching, pain around the clitoris and bad-smelling discharge from the vagina. Treatment depends on the stage of the disease:
- removal of the vulva with regional nodes (stage I)
- radical removal of the vulva with bilateral inguinal lymph nodes (stage II)
- radical surgical resection of the vulva and urethra, and rectum (stage III)
Chemotherapy does not apply.
Receiving Tamoxifen: Tamoxifen is a synthetic, non-steroidal antiestrogen - a drug that inhibits the growth of cancer cells. It is mainly used in the treatment of breast cancer. Among his long list of side effects are: itching in the intimate area, vaginal discharge, menstrual disorders, and even vaginal bleeding.
Itching of intimate zone during menstruation: Intimate itching during menstruation could be a sign of fungal infection. This type of infection usually disappears when menstruation and reappears until the next menstrual bleeding. Also, if you notice a discharge from the vagina similar to cheese or cottage cheese, you need as soon as possible to go to the gynecologist.
Itching in intimate places during pregnancy
Itching in the intimate area of women during pregnancy is usually caused by changes in the natural vaginal pH from acidic to alkaline, causing local irritation. Alkaline pH also promotes the emergence of bacterial and fungal infections. In order to eliminate the infection, you should consult your doctor. If the cause of the itch is merely a change in pH of the vagina, it is necessary to lower the pH (eg, using a bath with baking soda). If your doctor diagnoses an infection, it will offer appropriate treatment.
Itching of the vulva in children: The cause itching intimate zone of the girl can be:
- the use of flavorings (eg strawberries),
- bubble baths,
- wearing lingerie made of synthetics,
- Candidiasis - a child can get them from the mother, for example, while sleeping in the same bed,
- intestinal worms (pinworms) - intestinal parasites may introduce bacteria to the perineum, and cause recurrent inflammation of the vulva and vagina.
Home remedies for vaginal itching
You can prevent most causes of vaginal itching through good hygiene and lifestyle habits. There are several steps you can take at home to prevent vaginal irritation and infection:
- Use warm water and a gentle cleanser to wash your genital area.
- Avoid scented soaps, lotions, and bubble baths.
- Avoid using feminine hygiene products, such as sprays and douches.
- Change out of wet or damp clothing right after swimming or exercising.
- Wear cotton underwear and change your underwear every day.
- Eat yogurt with live cultures to reduce the chance of getting yeast infections.
- Use condoms during sexual intercourse.
- Always wipe from front to back after having a bowel movement.
Treatment of vaginal itching: Besides the establishment of the causes, diagnosis and doctor's recommendations in about an itch, you need to follow a few healthy habits - wearing the right clothes, to eat healthy foods without harmful chemicals, to practice safe sex.
- READ ALSO: What are the signs of a healthy vagina?