Medicinal plants in Nigeria – 5 top for Nigeria

Nigeria is blessed with natural resources, including many medicinal plants. Learn about top 5 of them for your health.

Medicinal plants make a great alternative to the modern science and pills. They have been around for good and our ancestors resorted to them in times of trouble and illness. And, they are free of harmful synthetically made elements. Moreover, that the fertile land of Nigeria has supplied its people with a great range of natural means to treat sicknesses and with numerous home remedies. Such treatments are affordable and in many cases safe, as they have no side effects as the pills do. Here is a list of the best ones of them:

medicinal plants in Nigeria

5 top Medicinal plants in Nigeria

  1. Ose Oji

    ose oji plantPeople just call it an alligator pepper. The scientific name is a bit more complicated – it is Afromomum melegueta. The plant is a relative of widely known, loved and used ginger. Remedies are made mainly out of the seeds and they can be added to your food to spice it up a bit. .

    This medicinal plant in Nigeria is used for treating a range of severe diseases, including even such conditions as diabetes.

    You need to mix it up with some bitter kola leafs and water to get the most out of it. At this the seeds can also be used to treat infertility in women. In some tribes people had a tradition of making soup with the alligator pepper seeds to boost the fertility in their women.
  2. Ginger

    ginger in NigeriaIt is no surprise that Nigeria with its rich land and warm climate has become one of the largest ginger manufacturers in the world. Ginger root is loved and used in many countries of the world, including UK, where they make their famous ginger tea.

    It can be utilized for various medical purposes. One of its “magic” powers is applied to cure nausea (both morning sickness and other kinds of it).

    Pregnant women can take it for several days in a row in moderate quantities to feel better. Plus, it can boost metabolism and immune functions of the body. The root stimulates the gastric function and promotes digestion. In Nigeria ginger is widely used in food as a spice.

    READ ALSO: What does ginger do in the body.
  3. Obiarakara

    siam weed health benefitsSiam weed is what people call it and the scientific name is Chromolaena odorata. It grows in Africa and in Nigeria in particular.

    The greenery of this plant possesses certain properties making it able to sterilize and heal up the wounds. It is a great germs killer and antiseptic. Besides, one can make a decoction for treating a range of stomach problems and improve digestion with it
  4. Bitter Kola

    bitter kola for healthIts scientific name is Garcinia Kola. There have been several studies carried out on this plant and its anti-malaria properties.

    Amazingly enough traditional tribe healers used to prescribe this aplant to treat malaria in their patients for hundreds of years!

    Bitter kola contains something called kolaviron, which affects malaria parasites and makes them less productive.

    Another vital use of this plant is for lung health, as it contains anti-oxidants and other essential elements. They boost lung function and eliminate lung infections by enlarging sacs and ducts on the inside of them.   
  5. Imperata

    imperata for healthPeople call this plant the blade grass or Cogongrass. It has sharp leaves and it covers many areas in West Africa.

    Scientists have discovered some amazing properties of this plant, as it might be capable of even curing cancer in people.

    ealers mostly use roots and flowers of the grass, as they help in curing wounds and stopping excessive bleeding.

    The decoction can be applied to treat urinary tract infections, as well as fever. Scientists keep on carrying out studies of this plant to gain deeper knowledge of it and use it in traditional medicine.

For hundreds of years these indigenous plants have been utilized by Nigerians for medical purposes. Some of them find application in today’s modern medicine and evoke vivid interest of scientists. Although this process is not a quick one and researches take years to finish up. For now you can resort to the experience and skill of your ancestors and use these herbs and plants for making home remedies. 


Today people more often try to cure their illnesses with the help of herbs rather than medicines. It is not wondering, because herbs help us more quickly, more effectively and go e us a long lasting effect. All the today's medicines have much more side effects, than diseases that they cure. It means that when we drink some pills for the stomach, we may have lots of troubles with other inner organs. But in this case we can just drink a cup of tea with mint, which would help us to make the ache more easy, to prevent the diarea, and has a nice and pleasant taste and has not much side effects ( it is not recommended to drink too much for people who have problems with the heart ). It is for choice, but we have to think about the best way of treating diseases.

Answered 2 years ago.

Fairly useful and informative article. I am about a lot of plants and didn't know. Most know the ginger and tried it. ginger is very beneficial for the body. Helps to clear toxins from the body, reduce your appetite and it helps to get rid of extra pounds. ginger is tasteless in its pure form. You can make a tea, adding honey or sugar or even lemon. Taste to be very pleasant, flavor is just wonderful. And ginger really helps to cope and to eliminate the feeling of nausea. I think ginger is very beneficial for the body.

Answered 2 years ago.
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