What causes cracked heels?

Often, signs of cracking skin on the heels appear after age 40. The rough heels look unattractive, tear stockings and give discomfort while walking. The causes of crack heels can be different. Often they caused by wearing tight, uncomfortable shoes, age-related changes, diseases of the kidneys, and the digestive system. Find more information here!

cracked heels

Largely, cosmetic defect arrears due to increased dryness, slowing regeneration of the skin and metabolic processes in cells. Moreover, the cause of the crack heels can be hormonal changes, deficiency of vitamins and minerals. Dead yellow skin often indicates wrong digestion, gastritis, violation of function of a stomach, and metabolism.

Clinical symptoms of cracked heels 

  • cracking in the foot skin of varying depth itching;
  • burning;
  • pain and discomfort while walking and at rest;
  • an unpleasant smell from feet.

causes of cracked heels

Numerous causes of cracked heels often are complicated in the diagnosis. Therefore patients receive only symptomatic treatment. The symptoms hushed for a time, express themselves with new force, quality of person`s life decreases dramatically, also increasing the risk of infectious complications. For effective treatment, it is important to eliminate all cracked heels causes, which patient may have got several.

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Causes of cracked heels

All reasons were divided into three big categories; they are the state that does not require treatment, external aggravating factors, and pathological conditions.

#1 state that does not require congenital treatment anomalies of the skin (dryness, sensitivity);

Congenital anomalies of the skin (dryness, sensitivity) often cause inconvenience for a person. It is also the reasons of the cracks on the soles of the feet. The most efficient way to fight with this feature is regular using of moisturizing creams for the feet. An essential component of these creams should be urea and silicone. We must remember if a person has fungal infections, psoriasis, and other diseases. Therefore many of the components of creams can aggravate skin lesions. Prone to cracked heels people engaged in heavy physical labor. They have the feet formed plaques reddish color with a white plate peeling, often combined with lesions of the nails. Plaques can become infected, creating deep cracks and pain. Therefore, before using creams you need to consult a doctor.

cracked heels

  • mismatched shoes;

Mismatched shoes are the second leading cause of cracked heels. In the spring and summer, sandals, flip flops and shoes are gaining popularity. As a result, the skin of the foot often injured because of mechanical stress of soil, stones, and chemical agents. The cracks turn into infected damage, causing intense pain. Change the sandals for closed-toe shoes and use socks made of natural fabrics allows solving the problem of cracked heels.

  • breach of hygiene;
  • extreme care — frequent peeling.

causes of cracked heels

The appearance of cracks on foot may cause ongoing care for heels. If you make many strip of the foot, then between the procedures, the skin doesn't have time to recover and even more coarse. In cases when all external causes of damage skin are possible, but the problem persists, you must consult your doctor and determine the underlying disease.

#2 external aggravating factors

  • sun exposure;
  • wind and cold;
  • temperature changes;
  • chlorinated water; 
  • air pollution, dry air;
  • smoking and alcohol;
  • abuse use of alkaline;
  • diet;
  • a small amount of fluid, vitamins, nutrients entering the body.

#3 pathological conditions

  • obesity;

obesity and cracked heels

Few patients deal problems on the feet with his excess weight. Meanwhile, obesity affects virtually all tissues and body systems. A significant body mass is always the companion of hypertension and increase of cholesterol level. This triad violates the blood circulation and innervation of the hands and feet, the skin on them is getting thinner. Therefore, there are deep cracks. Increased load on the heel exacerbates damage to the feet. You can diagnose obesity independently, but you have to care under the supervision of a specialist.

  • Athlete's foot;

Often the treatment of cracked heels moisturizing creams does not give the desired result; even similar symptoms appear in other family members. Most likely, in this case, the source of the problem is yeast or mildew. Itself fungal lesions of the feet can cause cracked heels, but they often occur simultaneously.
The disease usually begins with subtle flaking or painless cracks in interdigital spaces. Despite the lack of a bright clinical picture, the patient is contagious to others. After some time, the fungus captures most of the foot, and the disease becomes one of their forms.

damage heels

  • Diabetes;

The cause of cracked heels is a progressive neuropathy, the speed of which depends on the treatment of sickness. To completely stop the process of trophic disorders is impossible, but to control the level of glucose in blood and be attentive to the condition of the feet is quite realistic.

  • imbalance of the thyroid gland; 
  • disgidros; 
  • psoriasis and exfoliate keratosis; 

The causes of psoriasis are still not defined. An important role is played by hereditary predisposition, chronic infections, and imbalances in the immune system. The psoriasis treatment consists of diet and medication using.

injures heels

  • deficiency in the background diet, fasting, digestive disorders, etc. helminthiasis (worm infestation in humans);
  • diseases of the nervous system;
  • hormonal disorders or adjustment (pregnancy, menopause, etc.); other disorders, manifested by thinning of the skin, degradation of nerve fibers and decreased immunity.

There is an enormous amount of pathologies which directly or indirectly arise cracked heels in medicine practice. They are all responding to medical treatment or control. Therefore, it is important to make the correct diagnosis and prescribe effective medications. If you see the appearance of discomfort in the area of the foot, cracks and erosions on the soles, which do not disappear after use of moisturizer, so you need to pass the examination.

care for heels

For the prevention of beriberi, experts recommend taking complexes with vitamins A, E every spring and autumn. They are particularly necessary for the health of the skin. To exclude skin diseases (athlete's foot), you should consult a dermatologist. Only after it, you can treat cracked heels at home.
You can cure damages feet with medicines, therapeutic foot bath, nourishing oils and ointments, therapeutic compresses, and dietitian. 

Getting rid of painful cracks on your heels will allow you to gain a freedom of movement. As you know, that movement is life!


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