What is lipoedema? What do you know about this disease? What are the key symptoms? How to diagnose the illness? Al this information is available in our article below.
Lipoedema is a pathological condition in which soft tissue are swollen in the area, which is affected. This is often happens with the lower limbs. Swelling occurs due to the fact that the liquid outflow in broken lymphatic. The disease is prevalent in 7% of patients with affected peripheral vessels. It is important to prevent Lipoedema in time, because it is extremely hard to get rid of it.
Types of lipoedema
- Congenital lipoedema occurs because of the pathology of lymphatic vessels which have hereditary causes. Most often appears in childhood or young age. It can affect the lower and upper limbs. The illness is bilateral. Primary lipoedema also occurs due to hyperplasia, aplasia in the lymph vessels. It also occurs after trauma during pregnancy.
- Acquired lipoedema happens when the lymphatic system is affected due to infection - injuries, burns, erysipelas, surgery, after the removal of lymph nodes.
Symptoms of lipoedema
A person may suddenly have severe weakness, pain in the affected limb, bloating, joint observed with mobility problems. The affected area is very pale, skin fold is thickened.
Congenital lipoedema can affect the hands and feet. The patient has swollen fingers, the process is very painless. It can spread to the lower leg and foot. When lipoedema progresses, it begins to hit the thigh and shin. Legs are very plump; wrinkles are formed in the joints with edema. The skin begins to resemble an orange peel.
Once we talk about acquired lipoedema, all limbs that are damaged. It often happens in the shoulder joint or hip.
Then the swelling begins to spread to other limbs. It is important to take into consideration while making a diagnosis that lipoedema can occur in 15 years later, after as the lymph node was removed.
The doctor is required to examine and measure the size of the limb. In cases where the vessels will show up that have a spindle, this suggests that motility is preserved.
When the primary form of lipoedema can identify lymphangions hyperplasia, in the secondary form of observed changes in the blood vessels, skin is completely filled with the lymphatic network.
Lipoedema should be undoubtedly distinguished from edema, which occurs due to problems with the kidneys, heart, and post-thrombotic syndrome.
If there is no change in soft tissue, it is possible to use conservative treatment. The patient must follow a special diet, perform physiotherapy exercises. Physiotherapy and balneology may also be needed. To reduce the volume of the limb, which is struck, it is necessary to wear a special bandage and lymphatic drainage.
Comprehensive treatment can stop the lipoedema progression.
In severe cases, lipoedema surgery is used. This may stain the lymphatic vessels. If it is done in advance, it can lead to normal lymph outflow. The long-term treatment can reduce the swelling of the skin and establish subcutaneous tissue.
Patients with impaired lymphatic flow, it is necessary to adhere to certain rules. For example, one must not carry the bag with the affected hand, it is impossible to cross the legs, measure the pressure on the affected arm. Be sure to follow all the rules of hygiene and the limb should be kept clean. One should cook with wearing gloves and must not walk barefoot.
If lipoedema is identified at an early stage, you can just get rid of it because it is so important to visit a doctor in time.
If a patient knows that he is predisposed to this disease, he needs to do all that it has not arisen. It is impossible to inject in an area that is affected, not to measure the pressure in the patient's hand. You cannot use razors and you need to sit in the correct position. If lipoedema is complicated by an infection, you need to take antibiotics. Drug treatment is not particularly effective during lipoedema. To improve lymphatic circulation, it is necessary to use physical therapy - magnetic therapy, electrophoresis, or laser therapy.
- READ ALSO: Home remedies: How to remove blackheads?