What is the reason of child dyslexia? What causes the disease? What are the main symptoms? Is it possible to treat dyslexic child quickly? Learn more about it in the article.
Dyslexia is selectively impaired ability to master reading and writing skills, while maintaining the general ability for learning. In western countries, the concept of dyslexia includes all issues related to the written language:
- Problems with mastering reading skills;
- Problems with mastering writing skills;
- Literacy problems;
- Problems with mastering mathematics;
- Problems associated with motor skills and coordination disorder.
Diagnosis includes primary dyslexia tests. They contain examination of intellectual ability, academic performance, speech development, health, and psychological examination. Dyslexia treatment is aimed at correcting the educational process, including learning to recognize words and their parts.
According to experts, 15% of pupils receive special correction regarding reading problems, while half of them may experience constant reading disorder. Therefore, the key dyslexia meaning here is to teach a child elementary reading skills.
Problems with the phonological process cause disruption of recognition, storage and analysis of sounds. Dyslexia leads to writing and understanding of written language disorder.
The main cause of dyslexia in children is an abnormal development of certain brain areas, changes in the structure of brain tissue, congenital malformations of the nervous system. This is determined by heredity and genetic abnormalities. This disease is often inherited, since one of the parents probably suffered from the same ailment in childhood. Though dyslexia in adults is seldom met, it has been quite a widespread problem recently.
Therefore, in order not to run the disease, certain time to identify it is required. Thus, you need to know the key symptoms.
Specific symptoms of this disorder can help both parents and teachers understand that they face dyslexia, which requires taking appropriate and timely action for treatment. With this diagnosis a child:
- Skips reading individual words, sentences and paragraphs;
- Constantly rubs his eyes;
- Complains of a headache after reading;
- Brings the book very close to eyes;
- Covers eyes slightly or completely closes one eye while reading;
- Gets tired quickly;
- Avoids reading and doing homework;
- Barely remembers and reproduces the simplest geometric shapes;
- Writes words backwards;
- Writes badly.
The majority of dyslexic disorders are not revealed prior to entering either kindergarten or school, where children start studying symbols. It is necessary to examine children with passive or active speech retardation, who are not able to catch up their peers by the end of the first stage of learning. The best diagnostic feature is a child inability to respond to traditional approaches to reading on the first stage of learning. For the acute diagnosis problems with phonological processing must be confirmed.
The physician should be sure that a child has normal eyesight and hearing by means of either screening examination or sending a child to test hearing and eyesight. Neurological examination may reveal signs of secondary symptoms (e.g., neuro-psychological immaturity, minor neurological disorders) and rule out other problems (e.g., seizures).
Dyslexia treatment consists of educational process correction, including the direct and indirect training for word recognition skills. Direct training involves the use of special phonetic methods apart from learning to read. Indirect training involves the implementation of special phonetic methods while the process of learning.
Keep in mind
Children with dyslexia are often considered to be lazy, rebellious, and stubborn. Accordingly, they are put in the backward classes, despite their outstanding abilities in various fields.
The result is the loss of interest to learning, absenteeism, reduced self-appraisal, depression, and worsening of behavior. Remember: early diagnosis can completely heal your child!
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