Nothing decorates the room better and smells nicer than fresh flowers. In this article, you will find some tips to keep them fresh for much longer.
All of us would like to prolong the life of cut flowers for as long as possible. The art of prolonging the life of flowers has been passed down from generation to generation. In our days, the problem of preserving flowers has become so important that it attracted the attention of scientists. They opened the curtain over many secrets. In particular, the rule to collect flowers only in the morning has got quite serious scientific justification.
Cut the flowers only in the morning
It turns out that flowers, like all living creatures, get tired during the day and especially in the evening. At this time, they get the least amount of nutritious juice from their roots. So if you cut the flower in the second half of the day and evening, it will quickly wilt. During the night, the plants rest and saturate with moisture. With the sunrise, they restock the necessary nutrients, so in the morning they are most viable. The cut flower continues to breathe and grow, using only its own resources.
Cut aster, sweet peas, calla, zinnia, and chrysanthemum when they're fully opened. Cut the roses and cloves when they're half-open. Cut daffodils when they are just starting to bloom and tulips when they're not open at all. Cut flowers with a sharp garden knife or secateurs. Submerge the fresh-cut flowers for 1 — 2 hours in the bucket or tank with water and put it in a cool place. It will increase the absorption of water and the stop of breathing, which will help the plant stems to remain elastic.
You should burn the tips of the stems of poppies and other flowers that emit a milky juice or latex with a candle flame or dip them in hot water, so latex does not harden and occlude the vessel. Before putting the flowers in a vase cut the stems and remove the leaves. Otherwise, they will begin to rot and will create the favorable environment for the reproduction of germs. The tips of the stems should be trimmed with a knife, not scissors, as the scissors tighten the stem, and it poorly absorbs the water. You need to cut off the stem at an angle. The angled edge of the stem enables the plant to absorb water with the whole surface of the cut.
Don't change the temperature too quickly
The flowers are very sensitive to the changes in temperature. Therefore, after you bring the flowers into the house from in autumn or winter, don't immediately unwrap them, give them some time to adapt by placing them in a relatively cool place.
Change the water
Almost all flowers require daily water exchange. The hyacinths, daffodils, and amaryllis are an exception, as they secret slimy juice and therefore love warm water. Such flowers as asters and dahlias love the change of the water, especially in the evening. The flowers prefer clean water of average temperature. Oddly enough, they absorb boiled water twice as much than ordinary, saturated with oxygen. You can use the settled during the day water. It is very useful to spray the flowers with water on a daily basis, as this will replace the dew for them.
You can extend the life of flowers if you add a piece of charcoal or sugar, a little salt or a pill of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) into the water. The latter causes the formation of the natural plant substances called interferon. By the way, in natural conditions, the plant, the roots of which are is aspirin, behaves aggressively in contact with other flowers: it steals their moisture and nutrients from them.
To revive the flowers, you can put them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or boric acid. Also, to sustain the life of flowers, add ammonia to the water (1 — 3 teaspoons depending on the size of the vessel).
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