What is the number of victims, who died because of atomic explosion if Hiroshima in 1945? What are the consequences of this tragedy? Read the article to learn about the day in history, in which the most people died.
By the beginning of August 1945 bombs, intended for the Japanese cities, were made and sent to the American military air base Tinian on the Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean. The first bomb was 3 meters and 0.7 meters long in the diameter and weighed about 4 tons. The equivalent constituted 13 thousand tons of TNT. The second bomb was twice thicker.
Atomic bombings of Japan were conducted by the USA in August 1945. The atomic bomb almost completely destroyed Japanese city Hiroshima. In three days, on August 9, the second bomb wiped out one more city, Nagasaki. President Truman made the basic decision on the bombing in May 1945. In two weeks, the first purposes were called: the Japanese cities Kokura, Niigata, Hiroshima, and Nagasaki.
Neither in Hiroshima nor in Nagasaki there were no strategic Japanese military facilities capable of influencing the war course. By the beginning of August 1945, a bomb intended for the Japanese cities, were made and sent to the American military and air base in the Pacific Ocean.
On the 6th of August 1945, the B-29 bomber under the name Enola Gaye woke up at 1 h 45 min and headed Japan, having on board the first and smaller one of bombs. In 7 hours 30 min in the morning, he came to a battle course, dropped a bomb, which was detonated in 8 hours 15 min at the height of 500-600 meters above the ground.
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An explosion sounded over the business center of the city in an hour when people hurried for work. As a result, in a radius of 1-1.5 km from explosion epicenter during one moment, people just evaporated, having left only shadows. Slightly further the high-temperature flame kept ashes and burned heaps of bones. The wave, which rushed at once, blasted in a radius of 3 km everything that didn't manage to melt at flash, and rushed further, having turned the city into the desert. The radioactive infection with density, which began further, has a lethal dose for the person. The exact number of the victims is still unknown, but it is approximately counted that in Hiroshima at the time of explosion 130-140 thousand people died from the wounds. 92% of all structures were blasted.
In Nagasaki, everything developed in a different way. Though the bomb dropped on the 9th August was more powerful than in Hiroshima, the hilly relief of the district of Nagasaki extinguished the main part of the wave, and numerous cords of the area helped inhabitants to avoid a part of light radiation. As a result, there were twice fewer victims in Nagasaki, than in Hiroshima, – 60-70 thousand people. The country was shocked by the unprecedented tragic day in history.
Earlier unknown symptoms collapsed on the survived victims of explosions. At first there passed the leukemia wave – illnesses of the blood caused by radioactive infection. It took some more thousand lives, especially strongly having extended in the mid-fifties. Then leukemia began to decline, but even now cases of this hardest disease still meet. After leukemia, the mass outbreaks of cancer of all forms began. Sufferings were complicated by the fact that in post-war Japan there weren't enough most elementary medical agents, drugs, and the equipment.
The American occupational authorities didn't give to patients any help, but very carefully conducted surveys and photographed them, and forced to do analyses, using these data in the new nuclear programs. The experiment continued. Hiroshima and Nagasaki became symbols of the atomic accident. Every year in these cities, which are built up anew, the bell in memory of the victims of bombings of 1945 sounds on August 6 and 9. Thousands of people come there to attach the voice to appeals about the prohibition of the nuclear weapon.
On the 6th of August, 1945 became the black date in the history of mankind – after atomic bombardment, the Japanese city of Hiroshima ceased to exist, on August 9 the city of Nagasaki underwent atomic bombing. Most people died in martyrdom in this atomic big fire.
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