What types of spiders live in Africa?

At the same time, in Africa there are a number of toxic and aggressive spiders that may pose a threat to human life. Below we provide a list of the most toxic and frightening spiders inhabit the African continent.


Spider-baboon (Harpactirinae)

Harpactirinae (often called a baboon spider) is a poisonous spider from African subfamily tarantulas. The name comes from the spider legs spider similarities end and baboon fingers. For the first time the South African baboon spider has been mentioned in the literature in 1702. The first scientific description of a baboon spider was made in 1832.

The habitat of a baboon spider covers South Africa. The spider makes silk hole, which is generally located under stones or among rocks. In the arid regions of baboon spider makes a particularly deep hole. Spider-baboon lives in the savannah, in the area of pastures and dry bushes.

On the territory of South Africa counted seven genera baboon spider, comprising 42 species. Spider-baboon has a large body size of which ranges from 13-90 mm. Spider's body is covered with hair. The color of the baboon spider varies from shades of brown, gray, yellow to black. The carapace and abdomen of the spider are decorated with the colorful pattern. Spider-baboon is easily recognizable because of its size and strong hairiness.


Black Widow (Latrodectus mactans)

Black Widow, also known as Latrodectus mactans, is a poisonous spider. For the first time the black widow, was described in 1775.

The area covers the black widow living in South Africa. Black Widow is quite common in homes and commercial buildings. Total in South Africa, there are six species of black widows, each of which is poisonous to humans.

The female black widow spider after mating kills males, due to this it has the name of this spider. The female spider weaves its network in the form of a funnel, usually close to the ground in the bushes or in the wreckage. Cocoon eggs have a creamy white color. One egg black widow can contain up to 100 small spiders. Small spiders hatch from eggs in 2-4 weeks. As with females, small spiders are cannibals. While inside the cocoon, tiny spiders feed on each other. As a result, one of the black widow clutches hatches from 1 to 12 spiders.

The patient hospitalization should be conducted within 24 hours. Effective treatment is administering intravenously bite Antivenom (10 ml), followed by 5 mm every 4-6 hours. It is also effective against seizures may be the introduction of intravenous calcium gluconate solution.

Black WidoW

Spiders-ogres (Deinopidae)

Spiders are from the araneomorphae family. For the first time Spider-ogres were described in 1850 by German entomologist Charles Koch.

The habitat of spiders-ogres is quite large and encompasses a large part of Africa, South and Latin America, Australia and India. Totally it has 4 kinds of spider-ogres, in turn, numbering 65 species.

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Spider Body size ranges from 1.5 to 2.5-3 centimeters.

The spider is nocturnal and during the daytime hiding in the bark of a tree, among the leaves, or among the thick grass. The spider lives not high from the ground, at a distance which allows throwing its web.


Hunting Spider (Sparassidae)

Hunting Spider (Sparassidae) - Spider from Sparassidae family belonging to the infra-order araneomorfnyh. Sparassidae family has 83 kinds, which are in turn divided into 1,090 species. The first family of spiders was described in 1872 by German entomologist Phillip Bertkau.

Habitat Spider-hunter covers the area of the tropics. Hunting Spider is quite common in residential areas (garages, outbuildings). As a rule, the spider-hunter lives under rocks or in cracks in the bark of trees. In South Africa, the spider is known under the name Rain Spider, in connection with the activities in the period preceding and the subsequent onset of rains and a tendency to seek refuge in this time in people's homes.

The diet of the hunter spider comprises a variety of insects and invertebrates. Hunting Spider is considered to be useful as destroys insect pests (cockroaches and others).

Hunting Spider is able to quickly move on any surface and make big jumps. Cocoon with eggs Spider-hunter hangs in the bushes around, the cocoon bag can be made from fallen leaves, pieces of paper or similar materials. Females of some species of spider-hunter can carry a bag of eggs in their jaws.

Hunting Spider

Spider-violin (Loxosceles)

Spider-violin, also known as a recluse spider, is a poisonous spider from Sicariidae family. Loxosceles first was described in 1832.

The area of distribution of violin spider is extensive and covers the territory of the warm regions of the Old and New World. Spider perfectly adapts to the changed nature of man and is often found in residential and commercial buildings, garages, closets, as well as in the sewer. The spider can settle for skirting, paintings and various boxes. The spider prefers to hide near the trees, under rocks, in garbage heaps or in dark rooms.

Adult body size of the violin spider ranges from 8 mm to 19 mm. Females are slightly larger in size than males.


Spider-violin does not spin the web as it structured and usually hunt with the help of disorderly threads. Cobweb Spider has a characteristic - blue color. Spider is active at night. The period of activity of the spider is in the summer months.

Spider-violin is not aggressive. Cases of bites mostly occur when the spider feels threatened about their lives and territory. Quite often the spider attacks its victims in the bed, and when people wear clothes and shoes.

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