Is Nigeria a Nation?

History of your country is your history. You should know it well and share with your friends. Get the answers to your questions on Nigeria.

Nigeria is a country with rich history and huge cultural heritage. It is the largest among the African countries on the continent and ranks 7th by the size of its population in the world. Due to the history associated with colonization, the question arises: Is Nigeria a Nation or not?

is nigeria a nation


  1. Nigeria is located in West Africa.
  2. Its population is about 180 million people, and it increases constantly.
  3. Growth of the population in this country is regular and childbirth is above mortality in 2015.
  4. The country's capital is the city of Abuja.
  5. Nigeria is a developing country. It surpasses even South Africa Republic by the GDP volume.
  6. The most famous city in the country is Lagos.
  7. The main language here is considered to be English, despite the abundance of smaller ethnic groups (named tribes), who carefully preserve their history and heritage, including the spoken ones.
  8. The official currency is naira. It has its special sign designation in a form of letter “N” horizontally double struck-through in the middle.

Historical facts

36 nigerian states

Initially, Nigeria was a British colony. The country gained independence only in 1960. In honor of this event, Nigerian national day now celebrated every October 1st and it is official day off. 

Responding to a question, is Nigeria a nation or a state, now we can confidently reply that it is a country that has 36 states, including phonetically consonant state named Niger. 

Over a relatively short period of independent existence, Nigeria managed to survive a variety of events, including political ones.

The country experienced the powerful political and military coups – just six years after gaining independence, in 1966, the officers of the local Igbo tribe started the reformation process. Prior to the 1970s, Nigeria also experienced a civil war: for three years, there were fights and violent disputes in the country, which entailed a change of whole governmental foundations.

The situation was very difficult with tribal differences. In the elections of 1993, when the next governing of the "second republic" came to the ending, a native from Yoruba tribe won – one of the largest and best-known Nigerian tribes. However, his power was not transferred because the military, who held power at that time, were representatives of the northern people.

Buhari Nigerian president Later then, in 2003 and 2010, there were unauthorized outbreaks of aggression from the population with the inevitable assistance of military forces. 

These actions were provoked not only by ethnic and religious differences. 

Nigeria became a place of encounter between Christians and Muslims, who could not come together in their ideologies.

Recently, in March of this year, Nigeria held elections, the last in the history as for the moment. 

The winner was Mohammad Buhari, who took the reins at the end of May.

The main milestones of the governing

is nigeria a nation 2

As in many other countries, Nigeria as a nation has a formal system of government, as well as the common talk of "the real governmental system", which controls all the processes in the country. 

READ ALSO:Who named NIgeria?

Officially, this country is a multi-parties republic, but there are lot of talks and speculations about the real power of Democratic Party, which actually controls everything that happens.

The country has a bicameral assembly – upper and lower chambers separated on the Senate and the Management Board. The centrists took majority of seats, and representatives of the Conservatives sit in the chambers.

Proposal was rejected in the Senate about ten years ago to amend the rules for selecting the president: the possibility of a petition to be elected for three consecutive terms was turn away and it was limited to two, as before.

Additional information

main nigerian tribes

The main nationalities are tribes of:

  • Yoruba,
  • Igbo,
  • Hausa,
  • Fulani.

Overall there are 370+ tribes in this country wiht 500+ languages, making it one of the top multi-langual countries of the world. 

The country actively develops cinematography. Interestingly that the name of the world-famous Hollywood studios was transformed into a "Nollywood" in this region. There are also some famous stars of one possesses fancy houses and huge bank accounts in the most prestigious place in the country – the city of Lagos. The annual output of motion pictures is fantastic – Nigeria is in second place in a world! Only India is ahead of the list.

The main sources of income for the country are:

nigerian money bills

  • oil production,
  • film making,
  • travel industry,
  • agriculture,
  • footwear production,
  • services,
  • energy,
  • raw mining.

Summarizing all the above, we may say that Nigeria is very interesting country to explore, especially if you are a tourist. It combines modern technologies and good loyalty to the traditions, the desire to evolve and move forward, and the aspiration to preserve the memory of our roots. Is Nigeria a nation? Undoubtedly, Nigeria is a country that should be, if not seen or travelled, but at least to studied enough from historical reports and articles.

Your comment
Add image

By posting your comment, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.