Nigerian refineries are very important for this country and its destiby is closely related to their construction and operation. Find out who built these oil plants.
Several dozens of years back, Nigeria was a country that rightfully could be called one of the wealthiest. Historians believe that the period of colonization of Nigeria was an original ticket to a brighter future. The country remains developing to this day. We may find many answers in the history of Nigerian refineries. Such as: who affected the development of Nigeria the most or who built Nigerian refineries? Who provoked Nigeria to step on this lucrative path that now brings the highest revenue to the state’s treasury?
Beginning of the story
African countries unwittingly associated with the "banana" republics, where the main products for export are exotic fruits only. Fertile soil promotes employment in Nigeria’s husbandry. The key export was the following for many years:
- cultivation of crops (millet, wheat, cocoa, bananas, coffee).
Prior to the eradication of the slave trade in Nigeria, the supply of slaves was also a very developed market. The country prospered exactly because of these two sectors: the export of people and fruits.
Later peanuts were added to the list. Such products as cocoa over time ceased to be used by local residents at all. Absolutely everything from all the plantations is exported today.
But the inevitable abolition of the slave trade has deprived Nigeria constant and valid source of profit. It was obligatory to search for some vicarious sources of income other than sales of grains and fruits.
Oddly enough, but at this time the most positive impetus on the enhancement of the Nigerian period began – colonization.
Brits, which colonized Nigeria, brought tremendous number of useful things to the country. Inventions and innovations that were then embedded in the conventional life of Nigerians; residents enjoy them till today. Even the name of the country was given by the colonizers. Its Europeanized sound can be explained with this.
The colonialists initiated very active development of refinery in Nigeria.
They were the ones, who built the refineries in Nigeria and established oil production. In addition, the British made railways and they were constantly working on bringing the population together. At this moment of time, Nigeria has more than 300 different tribes. But then, the country has been very clearly divided into several parts.
It is extraordinary that a country with such an abundance of minerals and fertile lands remains one of the poorest ones. On the other hand, Nigeria is considered to be a special part of the African continent, highlighted among the "neighbors". Neither the pattern of the country nor the mentality makes it like any other country in Africa.
Export of crude oil is the main industry in the country, which generates income. At the moment, the oil trade takes 95% of the total Nigerian exports. The incoming funds of the treasury from oil are considered at 80% of the total state budget. This influences GDP directly: 20% of it is because of selling the "black gold".
Oil in Nigeria is characterized by particularly low sulfur content, so it is a special sort. Modern industry makes it possible to extract oil not less than 3 million barrels on a daily basis.
The total stock, according to forecasts, should be enough for another 10 years. Nigeria is among the ten largest oil-producing countries in the world. This country now lives poorer than thirty years ago. Why, you ask? The answer is simple: corruption. The negative attitude to the authorities, the lack of legitimacy, many facts proving that the state treasury is stolen. It all pulls Nigeria down.
In addition to oil, the country also produces gas. The amount of gas, which is available here, in one country, is half of the reserves of the entire continent.
Problems of oil production in Nigeria
A theft always has been the main problem and remains it. The oil pipes are poor, so the locals often steal fuel directly from them, deforming and damaging the infrastructure.
The main problem area is the place in the swampy mouth of the Niger River, where there are the most valuable fields located. Ramshackle houses, whose residents are suffering from extreme poverty, are on the banks of this majestic water vein.
Over the past 30 years, per capita income in Nigeria fell almost three times – from USD 800 to 300. Of course, in such a situation, it is not surprising that the people have to steal.
Not so long ago the accident was recorded: a blast on the damaged pipeline. Local residents, survivors, claimed that the authorities of the nearest town were aware of leaking pipes. More than one and a half months locals were stealing fuel out of the deformed pipe. The cause of the explosion that killed more than a hundred people was the occasional spark from a motorcycle that drove by.
Oil and gas deposits are not infinite in Nigeria. But they may be enough to establish the normal way of things in the country. Another thing is that Nigerians are not very lucky with the rulers. Everyone coming to power among politician promises to lift the country from its knees and organize at least the oil supply. However, cases such as the theft out of low-qualitative pipes not only threaten lives but also disrupt the regularity of deliveries. Thus, they have a direct impact on the world price of oil. After this incident, for example, the price of gasoline in the state has instantly jumped by more than half.
Prospects, associated with oil
The stark truth is that there are no good prospects regarding the production of "black gold" in Nigeria. Its stock is finite, ten years to the total exhaust are running out, and most of the oil goes not for sale, but simply is stolen by locals.
At this rate, the only thing that will remain in Nigeria is the export of fruits, grains and local talents. Especially the development of the country's rap and hip-hop culture. Many artists appear on stage, including large ones.
Life in the country is hardly moving forward, at least outside the capital. Here, people are either very rich or very poor and the first ones are clearly less than the second.
Authorities try to track and prevent the theft of underground oil and search for places of illegal oil production, but all efforts are wasted. Hundreds of barrels of oil fall in the rivers. The fish, caught from them, is sold on the local markets. Many plantations, especially the mangroves, are dying because of the abundance of oil to soak into the soil.
Despite this wealth of nature, Nigeria cannot engage oil production fully and with a large scale. The history of this industry is very scarce. Those who built Nigerian refineries controlled production in the most positive times for the country. Oil derricks are the most revolutionary advance in this field. But they were built in the distant days of the British colonization. Unfortunately, there are very small chances that over the next few years this area will go on the amendment.