People are wondering whether there are any differences between Islam and Christianity. Or they are similar? You’ll find all the main principles of these two religions here!
There is an opinion that Christianity and Islam are very similar. We would like to share reflections on this topic referring to the main aspects.
Indeed Christianity and Islam are similar in something. In principle, the devil can not create something fundamentally new, but merely a parody of what is already there. New is created by Lord.
And Islam and Christianity name people the faithful and the infidels. The difference is that a Muslim hates the infidels, and his task is to physically remove any incorrect beleiving or turn it to Islam for the sake of the reign of his religion (in most cases).
Christianity is faith in God of a third of the world's population, which is based on the doctrine of the unity of the Holy Trinity, and the Atonement of Jesus Christ - the Savior of the world. Christian worship is based on Holy Scripture and Holy Tradition.
Islam is the religion of large world's population, mostly inhabitants of the East, it literally means ‘submission to God’. The founder of the religion is the Prophet Muhammad. The main principles contained in the Koran. The basic tenets of this religion is a worship of Allah and the Prophet Muhammad.
Areas that are in the mind of the modern man are perceived as primordial Islamic, actually used to be (we could say) Christian. ‘You could say’ - is due to the fact that in those parts Christianity was not only religion, but it was quite widespread. The obvious fact is that Jerusalem is surrounded by Arabs who so it could not be a Christian shrine, if those lands were originally under the influence of Islam. So there everything has started.
And the fact was that the first places, which were converted to Islam, were places of the rise of Christianity. Well, except for the place of the birth of Islam. Then Islam steadily spread to the Christian territories. And now for one and a half thousand years after, Christians have lost North Africa, Middle East. And now, the confrontation line is held in Europe.
The Koran constantly emphasizes how Muhammad tied his revelation with all the previous biblical heralds and their word. According to Islam, Muhammad is a person who leads, and admonishes the people. In this sense, it is similar to Moses, Jesus and the other heralds of God's word. He declares, in principle, the same truth, which was proclaimed by his predecessors. Therefore, Muslims perceive Islam as a continuation or a final link between Judaism and Christianity, at least in its original, pristine form.
We have gathered the main charexteristics of these two religions and compared their conceps. Here we can fimd main Islam and Christianity differences and similarities.
I. Concept Of God
1.1. Does religion affirm belief in one God?
‘I believe in One God’ (the beginning of the Creed).
‘There is no other God but one’ (1 Corinthians 8: 4.).
‘One Lord, one faith, one baptism’ (Eph 4: 6.).
There is no God but Allah (shahada part - Arab testimony of faith.).
1.2. Does religion deny paganism (polytheism, idolatry)?
‘We know that an idol is nothing in the world’ (1 Corinthians 8: 4.), and the heathen ‘changed the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever’ (Romans 1:25.).
The polytheism and idolatry are denied as giving Allah and mates (equal). Polytheism is called shirk (from the Arabic ‘sharik’ - Friend) and it is synonymous with disbelief (Arabic: ‘kufr’ - Hiding, so ‘kafir’ - infidel).
1.3. Did the religion consider God an immaterial spirit?
God is omnipresent Spirit, unlimited, infinite and all-perfect.
‘God is a Spirit’
‘The Spirit of the Lord fills the universe and as everything comprehensive knows every word’
(Wisdom 1: 7.).
‘Your incorruptible Spirit is in all things’
(Wis 12: 1.).
‘Whither shall I go from thy spirit, and from thy face far run away? If I ascend up into heaven - you are there; I go to hell - you are there ‘
‘My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart, and my lips shall utter knowledge. The Spirit of God has created me‘ (Job 33: 3-4.).
Religion denies, that the concept of the Spirit can be applied to Allah. Spiritual is not an attribute of God. In the Qur'an, only creaturely human soul or a created angel are understood by spirit. The Holy Spirit is called the angel Jibril
1.4. Does religion believe that God has the created attributes (qualities and characteristics inherent of his creations)?
‘Who would you liken me and who will you compare with?’ (Isa. 40:26).
God Properties are not like his creations properties. His properties should be judged only spiritually.
God has the created properties of hearing and vision, He ‘hears’ the quietest whisper, and ‘sees’ the black spider at night on a dark stone. The doctrine of the vision and the physicality of God are attested in the official documents of the Muslim religion.
1.5. Does religion reveal the inner nature of God?
The inner nature of God remains undisclosed. The doctrine of the Divine Mind, the Word and the Spirit do not exist. At the same time the doctrine of the Trinity is wrongly interpreted as Jesus, Mary and Allah (5.73, 5.116).
1.6. Does the religion teach that God is love?
‘God is love, and thr one who abides in love abides in God, and God is in him’ (1 Jn. 4:16).
1.7. Does religion believe that God has humility?
‘Learn from me, as I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls’
1.8. Does religion believe that God possesses holiness?
‘As the holly one called you, be holy in all your conduct.
For it is written, Be ye holy, for I am holy. ‘
(1 Peter 1: 15-16.)
1.9. Does religion believe that one of the attribute of God is a trick?
Stealth and cunning are the properties of the devil (the evil one), that deceives the people and makes them follow him.
God hates lies, deceit and hypocrisy.
Allah ‘is scheming trick’ (86.16), ‘cunning’ as ‘Allah is the best of all schemers’ (3:54), ‘cheating’ (4.142). ‘Jeer’, ‘will increase lawlessness’ (2:15).
1.10. Does religion believe that one of the attributes of God is pride?
Pride is the devil's property, the one of the false teachers, all the evil and wicked.
‘Proud dignity is my cover’. Pride is the attribute of the essence of God.
1.11. Does religion believe that God desires the salvation of all people, wants all people to know Him?
‘God wants all men to be saved and come to the knowledge of the truth’
(1 Timothy 2: 4.).
‘Anyone who wants to meet with God, and so God wants the meeting; and those who do not want the meeting with Allah, and Allah is not willing to meet with those‘.
1.12. Does religion believe that God creates evil?
True, the Holy and Righteous God is not the source of evil.
‘God is light, and there is no darkness in him at all’
(1 John 1: 5.).
‘God can not be tempted with evil, neither he tempts any one’ (Jas. 1:13). ‘Whoever does good is from God; He who does evil has not seen God ‘
(1 Timothy 2: 4.).
‘All his ways are justice. God is faithful, and there is no unrighteousness in Him’
(Deuteronomy 32: 4.).
Allah is the source of evil.
‘And good and evil are from Allah’. Allah brings benefit and harm, Allah is bringing evil and the bestower of good’. Allah strengthens sin in the hearts of the disbelievers (2:10), ‘If Allah wills people evil things, there is nothing to prevent this. They have no lord except Him’ (13:11).
1.13. Does religion believe that God originally wishes torment in hell for a certain part of people?
God does not desire the death of people.
‘As I live, saith the Lord God: I do not want the death of the sinner, but that he turned from his way and live’ (Ezekiel 33:11.).
‘God has noy created death, and does not delight in destruction of the living’ (Wis 1:13). God became incarnate, became the Savior of the world (the very name Jesus means ‘God - salvation’) to save from death and hell all the mankind. Through the Incarnation the perfect humanity of God revealed.
Allah does not want to rescue all the people, ‘If We had pleased, we would urge the straight path of each person, but the truth was my word: I will certainly fill hell with jinns and men - all together!’ (32:13)
Allah created part of living beings for hell, giving them properties worse than those of beasts (7.179). God ‘mocks’ over the unbelievers increasing their errors (2.14), knocking them to the straight path (7.178, 186). He ‘closes’ the human heart so that people do not hear the truth (16: 108, 17:46).
II. God and the world (creation)
2.1. Was the invisible angelic world created by God?
2.2. What is the nature of angels?
Angels are not created from the gross material substance, poss fine physical shape, not like the people.
Angels were created from light and the jinns - out of the fire.
2.3. Was the visible world created by God?
God created the physical (space-time) world with inherent time. God is ‘the Creator not only of things, but also of the time and age in which things are being received’
Initially, fifty thousand years before the creation of the entire material world, God created the pen (al-Qalam). He wrote all created things into a book, and then created the material world.
2.4. Was a man created by God?
2.5. Whether a person is created only by God or the Lord needs assistants in the creation of man?
Man is only created by God, who is the only creator of life.
God uses the help of angels. They help the human soul and the body to be created.
2.6. Did God create other intelligent beings besides angels and humans?
Angels and people are two types of creatures with mind and free will, they are able to know God.
Allah created the jinns from fire - humanoid spirits that can take any shape.
2.7. Can the Almighty God cease to create in His desire?
Yes, he can
No, he can’t
Allah creates unceasingly.
III. Conception of man
READ ALSO: Does Islam believe in life after death?
3.1. What is the purpose of the man's creation?
God created man for love to Him, communicating with Him. God wants to dwell in man by His grace, giving a person the opportunity of deification.
‘He created us so that we become partakers of the divine nature and partakers of all eternity ...’
(St. Maximus the Confessor)
God created man to fulfill the law.
3.2. Is a person created in the image and likeness of God?
Man is created in the image and likeness of God. ‘And God said, Let us make man in our image and after our likeness ‘(Genesis 1:26.).
‘God created man to be immortal, and made his way eternal life as His own is’ (Wis 23: 2.)
Man is created in his own mind and way
(Quran 64: 3; 82: 6-8).
3.3. Were the first human ancestors created incorruptible and immortal?
3.4. Were the ancestors of humanity subjected to sin (Adam and Eve)?
3.5. What is sin?
The disease of the human soul as a result of its termination of the relationship with God through the violation of God's commandments. The break of communion with God through the opposition to His will.
A misdemeanor which is expressed in the default provisions of the law of Allah.
3.6. Did ancestors’ sinfall affect all mankind descended from them?
The sinful nature can not produce holy and sinless nature; each person receives from birth nature, which was contaminated by sin.
‘Oh, what did you do, Adam? When you made a sin, you had not accomplished a fall of your own, but us, who were descended from you’
3.7. Was mental nature of man spoiled due to the fall of the ancestors?
All the forces of the human soul have received a predisposition to evil and passions. Fall ‘perverted all the powers of the soul, weakening its natural inclination to virtue’. ‘Because of a violation of God's commandments man has become available to the evil of the devil’.
3.8. Was corporeal nature of man spoiled as a result of sin of theancestors?
The human body was subject to disease and death, ‘For the wages of sin - death’ (Romans 6:23.). Through the fall of man, ‘sin entered the world, and death appeared through sin’ (Rom. 5:12). Death and illness were not created originally by all-good God.
3.9. Did the material world distort after the fall of the ancestors?
Due to the sin the death and corruption has spread throughout the world. Animals and nature are no longer obeying man easily.
3.10. Do people need a Savior from the power of sin?
Man needs the Saviour.
‘The truth of God through faith in Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference, for all have sinned and come short of the glory of God’
(Romans 3:. 22,23)
3.11. Is there free will of people in the choice of good and evil?
Man has free will in the choice of good and evil.
God knows everything in advance, but does not prejudice all. As a doctor, he is innocent of the sin of the disease, although he foresees the sins of the people. ‘God predetermines or condemns, in no case by looking at condemned - this is called madness... We honor God, who is is not involved in any evil, he desires the salvation of all, he has no place of partiality’.
A man is deprived of freedom of choice. All his actions are predetermined by Allah.
‘Verily, We have created every thing by predestination’ (54. 49).
‘And your Lord creates what He wills and chooses what he wants, but they have no choice’ (28. 68). .
3.12. Whether a man creates his own actions or his actions are created by God?
A person creates on his own, using his godlike and free will.
Allah makes everything for him, including the good and sinful actions.
‘Allah has created you and what you are doing’ (37. 96).
3.13. Are the man and woman equal in their spiritual dignity before God?
Man and woman are equally created in the image of God.
The woman is a lower being than man.
3.14. How many wives a man can have?
Up to four wives, and in addition, as many concubines as material resources allow. At the same time wives need to show fairness, reflected in the fact that it is impossible to determine the most favorite one.
3.15. Is a man commanded to beat delinquent wife?
These are some basics of Christianity and Islam. However, of course, the comparisom may continue for a lot of pages and even books. These two religions have deep, sacred sence, which cannot be opened fully in one article. But we have tried to show you some dogmas, which talk about each of these religions well.
Christianity and Islam are the most widespread beliefs in the world. Everyone is free to follow the faith of their ancestors. And what is holy for ones, can not be followed by the others.
- READ ALSO: What are the symbols of Islam?