What African countries have the most Muslims?

What African countries have the most Muslims? What do you know about Muslim history on this continent? How many Muslims will have lived in Africa by 2028? Answers to all these questions you will find in the article below.

Islam in Africa

African Muslim population has considerably grown recently. Islam is the biggest world religion after Christianity in terms of the amount of believers. Presently, there are between 1.55 and 1.78 billion Muslims in the world. This means that every fourth inhabitant of the planet is a Muslim. This represents 22.93% of the planet population. Experts say that from 1989 to 2011, the annual Muslim growth rate was 2.3%.

Islam is spread in over 122 countries. Mainly, in West, South and South-East Asia and North Africa. In 35 countries Muslims are the greater part of the population. In 28 world countries Islam is the state religion. In Africa, this country is Egypt.

Experts forecast that by 2028 the amount of Muslims in the world will have been increased to one million people in each of Muslim country. In particular, in North Africa the amount of Muslims will have been increased by 20%.


African Muslim culture has been a dynamic and vibrant religion in the first century of its life. Islamic rulers extended their power to the North of the continent. By the XIII century the Muslim population had dominated in most African cities.

Many Africans adopted the Muslim faith and yet began to take Arabic names. However, they were Africans by nature. Islam neither destroyed the pre-existing cultures nor eliminated the identity of Africans. Many African societies soon started interpreting Muslim dogma and rituals in accordance with African realities. Sometimes the results of such interpretations drastically distorted the original teachings and shocked the orthodox Muslims.

African Muslim culture

As a result, half of the African continent population was included in the area of influence of the Muslim religion. This process began in Africa, almost simultaneously with the creation of the first Muslim society in Arabia. By the early modern period of world history there had not been a single district in Africa not affected by the control of Muslim society.

The twentieth century also confirmed the strength of Islam positions in Africa. Since the 1950s, the process of politicization of Islam, which was particularly increased in the 1980s, has begun in numerous African countries.

Present situation

Islam is practiced by over 45% of Africa's population. About half of the adherents of Islam live in North Africa. Moreover, Egypt is home to over a fifth of African Muslims. In West Africa, Muslims constitute over 33% of the population, half of which is in Nigeria. In East Africa, less than a fourth of the Muslim population lives, where they form about 30%. In many states, Islam is practiced by more than 90% of the population. These are such African Muslim countries as Tunisia, Egypt, Mauritania, Libya, Algeria, Morocco, the Republic of Djibouti, Somalia and the Comoros.

Such African countries as Gambia, Guinea, Mali, Senegal, Niger, Chad, and Western Sahara, Sudan are home to more than 50% of Muslims. In addition, plenty of adherents of Islam live in Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Kenya.

While most Muslims in Africa are Sunnis, the complexities of Islam on the continent are expressed in the presence of different schools and traditions, which are constantly struggling for supremacy.

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Let’s have a closer look on some African Muslim countries list.


This West African country is home to over 89 million Muslims. In 12 Nigerian states Sharia Law is obeyed.

Muslims in Nigeria


This country of the two continents, which is situated in the Northeast Africa and the Southwest Asia, is home to about 6% of the world's Muslims. Approximately 96% of Muslims represents an absolute majority in the state.

Muslims in Egypt


In this traditionally Christian African country, however, there are almost 47 million Muslims. Moreover, since 2010 by the quantity of Muslims Ethiopia has overtaken Algeria and Morocco, and entered top ten states with the biggest Muslim population.

Muslims in Ethiopia


In this largest African country more than 39.5 million Muslims live. This is 2.35% of the world Muslims.

Muslims in Algeria

What to wait in future?

By 2028, the amount of Muslims will have been 26.5% of the entire world population. Thus, there will have been more Muslims in Western countries, and Pakistan will have become the most densely inhabited Muslim country in the world.

The amount of Muslim population, if to compare to other religions, has been growing quickly. Forecasts say that Muslim population growth will have been enlarged at a regular yearly rate of 1.56% in the next 20 years.

According to this trend the quantity of Muslims will reach 2.25 billion people in twenty years.

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