What is the Muslim population in India?

Do you know what part of total Indian population is Muslim? What states have the highest population? You can learn all the answers here, in this article.

Muslim population in IndiaIslam is the second largest religion in India after Hinduism. And even though it is not too dominating when looking at the percentage, it is still quite impressive. Islam followers are about 14% of total population of the country.

Another interesting fact about this religion in India is that they are growing in number. Just look at these figures: in 2011 there were around 172.2 million of Muslim in India; however, within the following four years this figure grew up to 180 million people, and in 2016 it already was around 184 million.

Here is a table that will tell you a bit more about this situation in each state.

Muslim Population in India2001   2011Growth
Maharashtra   10,270,48512,971,15226.3%
Gujarat   4,592,8545,846,76127.3%
Rajasthan   4,788,227   6,215,377   29.81%
Madhya Pradesh   3,841,449   4,774,695 24.29%
Uttar Pradesh30,740,158   38,483,967   25.19%
Bihar   13,722,048   17,557,809   27.95%
All India   138,188,240   172,245,158   24.64%

This information was taken from an official website of India online. And it shows the dramatic changes that are happening in India right now.

Muslim population in Indian states

Among other religion that is quite wide-spread in India are Hinduism and Buddhism. Islam came to this region back in the twelfth century. Even though it was not so long ago, India already is home to at least ten percent of world’s Muslim population. However, the countries with even bigger number fo Muslims living there are Pakistan and Indonesia. India comes right after these two nations.

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The states that host most of the Muslim population are Pradesh, West Bengal, and Bihar. At least a half of all Islam followers live in those territories. And here is just a little bit of interesting statistical facts from trusted sources:

1.    The Muslims are breaking all the records in their population growth not only in India but in the rest of the world too.

2.    Fifty years ago, Muslims were only 10.7% of the general population, while Hinduism adheres were responsible for around 81%

3.    In 2001 these numbers were different but not too much: the Muslim population was responsible for 13.5% of population while Hindus were around 80.5%

4.    In 2015, there were at least 14.5% Muslims in India, and less than 80% Hindus.
Muslim population in India by state

5.    The reason for such a growth lies in the fertility rate of women from each religion. But we will talk about it later.

6.    This means that the total growth of Muslims in India was up to 24% within the last fifteen years.

7.    The states whose Muslim population is significantly growing are Assam and West Bengal. The truth is that people do not convert to Islam, but rather the refugees from the countries outside of India get there and go immediately to these two states.

Now, let’s talk about the reason for such a dramatic growth in numbers. First of all, Muslim women get married younger. Statistics shows that an average age for a woman from Islam to get married is around sixteen years. However, in some other countries their marital age starts from ten years old. On top of that, Muslims of India do not support the idea of planned parenthood. They give birth to as many children as they can.

The sad fact is that a most of these children are left uneducated and poor. They have no chance to get an education considering the state of the family with a great number of children. Statistically speaking, families of Muslims have more young children than the followers of other religions given their attitude toward Planned Parenthood.

Muslim population in India 2015

Another factor is that considering the lifestyle of Muslim women, they have less stress and higher fertility level. Here is an abstract of a piece of official data about women fertility rate in India: ‘By 2030, Muslims will make up more than a quarter of the global population. If current trends continue, it is predicted by the year 2100 that about 1% more of the world's population will be Muslim (35%) than Christian (34%).

Globally, Muslims have the highest fertility rate, an average of 3.1 children per woman—well above replacement level (2.1) due to the young age of Muslims (median age of 23) compared to other religious groups. Then come Christians, at 2.7 children per female individual. Hindu fertility (2.4) is similar to the global average (2.5). Worldwide, Jewish fertility (2.3 children per woman) also is above replacement level. All the other groups have fertility levels too low to sustain their populations and would require converts to grow or maintain their size: indigenous and tribal religions (1.8 children per woman), other religions (1.7), the unaffiliated (1.7) and Buddhists (1.6).

Islam is the fastest growing religion all over the world given primarily to the young age when people get married and start giving birth to offspring and the high fertility rate of Muslims. According to the World Christian Encyclopedia, published in 2001, the fastest-growing branch of Islam is Ahmadiyya. It is often reported from other various sources in 2010, including the German domestic intelligence service, that Salafism is the fastest growing Islamic movement in the world.


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Answered 1 year ago.

Nice.. keep up the good work muslim brothers and sisters.. Indians just jelous of our growing population . Soon we will be 50% of indian population. ..

Answered 1 year ago.
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