The female reproductive system is designed to perform several functions. It produces the female egg cells necessary for reproduction, called the ova or Mature oocytes (immature egg cells). System transportorul Mature egg at fertilization.
Fertilization, by which is meant the fertilization of the egg by the sperm usually occurs in the fallopian tubes. The next step for the fertilized egg is implanting in the uterine wall, which is the beginning of pregnancy. If fertilization and/or implantation does not occur, the system't menstruate (the monthly release of the lining tissue of the uterus). In addition, the female reproductive system produces female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle.